Nigeria acceded to the Convention on 27 September 2001, and the Convention entered into force for Nigeria on 1 March 2002. 

Stockpile Destruction (Article 4)

In its initial transparency report submitted on 22 June 2004, Nigeria indicated it did not have any stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

Retained Mines (Article 3)

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.

As of 2012, Nigeria  reported having retained 3,364 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes.

Mine Clearance (Article 5)

In its initial transparency report Nigeria indicated that there were no mined areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines were known or suspected to be emplaced.

In its Article 7 report submitted in 2009, Nigeria indicated that it had identified areas in which anti-personnel mines were suspected to be emplaced. In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Nigeria undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 March 2012.

At the 2011 Meeting of the Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Nigeria announced that it had fulfilled its obligation under Article 5 of the Convention. On 29 November 2011, at the Eleventh Meeting of the States Parties in Phnom Penh, Nigeria presented a formal Declaration of Completion. 

At the Fourth Review Conference in November 2019, Nigeria indicated that it has been experiencing the “tragic consequences of the production and use of anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature", declaring newly-mined areas.

In accordance with the decision of the Twelfth Meeting of the States Parties concerning cases in which States Parties discover previously unknown mined areas on 10 November 2020 Nigeria submitted a request for an extended deadline for consideration by the Eighteenth Meeting of the States Parties. Nigeria’s request was granted, and a new deadline was set for 31 December 2021.

On 17 May 2021, Nigeria submitted a request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request will be considered by the Nineteenth Meeting of the States Parties.

Article 5 Extension Request Process

2021 Extension Request

2020 Extension Request

View, download snapshots of Nigeria at Convention-related activities on Flickr

Declaration of completion, 29 November 2011 PDF 106KB


*Update on Article 5 Implementation, November 2019

Article 7 Transparency Report submitted in 2012

News | Nigeria declares new contamination of anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature

News | Nigeria free of all known anti-personnel mines English | FrenchSpanish

Nigerian delegation at a press conference after declaring completion of their Article 5, Cambodia, 2011