What the Convention says
- Each State Party “undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines it owns or possesses, or that are under its jurisdiction or control, as soon as possible but not later than four years after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.”
- States Parties may retain “a number of anti-personnel mines for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.” This number “shall not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary” for these purposes.
- 161 States Parties no longer hold stockpiled anti-personnel mines.
- Together the States Parties have destroyed over 51 million mines.
Challenges that remain
- Two States Parties have missed their four-year deadline to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines.
- Combined, these States Parties must destroy several million mines.
- Destroying a particular type of mine – the Soviet-era “PFM-1” mine – is extremely hazardous and poses serious technical difficulties.
Stockpiled mines destroyed by the States Parties (listed by State Party) PDF 88KB
Timelines for the destruction of existing stockpiles PDF 65KB