Nicaragua ratified the Convention on 30 November 1998, and the Convention entered into force for Nicaragua on 1 May 1999.

Stockpile Destruction (Article 4)

In its initial transparency report submitted on 30 September 1999, Nicaragua reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

In its transparency report submitted on 30 April 2003, Nicaragua reported that it had completed the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines.

In total, Nicaragua reported having destroyed 133,435 mines.

Retained Mines (Article 3)

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques. As of 2013, Nicaragua has reported having retained 448 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes.

Mine Clearance (Article 5)

In its initial transparency report, Nicaragua reported areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines were known or suspected to be emplaced.

In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Nicaragua undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 May 2009.

On 9 October 2008, Nicaragua submitted a request to extend its deadline. The request was granted at the Ninth Meeting of the States Parties, and a new deadline was set for 1 May 2010. 

At the 2010 Meeting of the Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Nicaragua announced that the last mine had been removed from the ground on 13 April 2010. By complying with Article 5 of the Convention, Nicaragua ensured that Central America became the world’s first mine-free region. A formal Declaration of Completion was presented by Nicaragua’s Minister of Foreign Affairs on 30 November 2010 at the Tenth Meeting of the States Parties.

Victim Assistance

Nicaragua is one of the 30 States Parties to have reported responsibility for significant number of landmine survivors. Nicaragua is also a State Party to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Extension Request

Nicaragua's Extension Request Received 29 March 2008 Spanish PDF 21KB

Nicaragua's Extension Request Executive Summary PDF 32KB

Nicaragua's Extension Request Analysis PDF 139KB

Nicaragua's Extension Request Decision PDF 74KB


Declaration of Completion, 1 May 2010 Spanish PDF 308KB

Article 7 Report submitted in


Press Release | Nicaragua free of all known landmines; Central America now a mine-free region | English PDF 302KB | French PDF 392KB | Spanish PDF 298KB

Nicaraguan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ruth Tapia, declares Nicaragua free of landmines